Admissibility – Substantive requirement: residency of the complainant or other link with the territory of the SA
Article(s) involved (national, EU, or other): Article 77, 80 GDPR
In some Member States, complaints are considered inadmissible if the complainant is not a resident in the Member State of the SA. Article 77 provides that data subjects have the right to lodge a complaint with a SA “in particular in the Member State of his or her habitual residence, place of work or place of the alleged infringement (…)”. The words ‘in particular’ leaves room for interpretation and legal uncertainty.
A complaint should always be deemed admissible by the SA of a Member State at least on the basis of the complainant’s residence or place of work, or on the basis of the place where the infringement occurred, with the possibility for SAs to also accept complaints based on any other relevant circumstances.
The matter is already clear from the wording of the GDPR, but could be mentioned in recitals and futrther specified in the procedural regulation.